Indian Handicrafts has its own unique history, starting from Indus valley civilization to modern style craft items Indian handicraft has been a very integral part of Indians. From thousands of years, India is known for its art and fascinating handicrafts which is still famous around the world. So, let’s know together about the Famous Indian handicrafts and its beauty.
Famous Indian Handicrafts
Handicraft products are products that are either completely made by hand or produced by the use of simple tools. The manual labour of the artisan plays the central role in the production of a handicraft. Handicrafts could serve different purposes and significance- aesthetic, cultural, functional decorative, decorative, religious and above all livelihood.
Producing handicrafts requires great skill and precision. The knowledge and trade of making these beautiful products are often handed down from generation to generation. Materials range from cloth, wood, clay, metal, bones of animals and gems to leather, bamboo, marble and coconut shells.
That Kanjivaram silk saree that is your mother’s favourite, that Kolhapuri chappal your friend recently bought, that ornate Pattachitra adorning the drawing-room of that Odia neighbour next door are all handicrafts.
India is a country, rich in culture and diversity.
All Indian states have their own unique culture and beauty. Each state also has its unique alluring handicrafts with all their expressive charm to offer.
In a changing and globalizing world where machines have taken the place of a hand, our artisans have preserved our unique handicrafts which are a symbol of our heritage and civilization spanning millennia. This is one hell of a thing to be proud of.
We have prepared a list for you of Indian Handicrafts from every state.
Famous Handicrafts of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is a state rich in culture and has a huge collection of handicrafts. It has a lot to offer from the craft department from Kondapalli toys made of softwood, golden-hued Nirmal paintings, the world-famous Kalamkari paintings to Banjara needlecraft of the Banjaras (gypsies) and Budithi transfer of Budithi village in Srikakulam district just to name a few.
Let’s have a look at some of the famous Handicrafts of Andhra Pradesh.
- Kondapalli Toys– Kondapalli toys are the toys made of wood in Kondapalli of Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh made from softwood known as Tella Poniki which are found aplenty in the nearby Kondapalli hills. It is a 400-year-old craft tradition.
Themes include snippets from mythology, folklore, rural life, birds and animals. The most notable one is the Dasavatharam. Entire families are involved in the process of making toys. First, the wood is treated to a slow heating process to dry its moisture content. The wood is then cut out and the edges are smooth finished. The limbs of the toys are carved separately and later joined to the body.
The carving implements involved in the making of these toys are axe, chisel hammer and drill. Tamarind paste acts as a glue to join the parts. The latter step involves colouring with either oil and water-colours or vegetable dyes and enamel paints which are applied based on the type of toys.
The paintbrush is made of goat’s hair. In the old days, natural colours extracted from stones, herbs, root and gums were used while today, both watercolours and oil paints are increasingly being used.
- Kalamkari Art– Kalamkari is arguably one of the most famous crafts that have come out of Andhra Pradesh and known all over the country for its beauty. Spanning a history of 3000 years, Kalamkari is a type of hand-painted or block printed cotton textile produced in Andhra Pradesh.
Kalamkari comes from to words:- Kalam- pen and Kari- work, i.e, artwork done using a pen. This ancient art is basically done on cotton or silk fabric with tamarind using natural dyes.
Process of Making Kalamkari Design
The process of making this piece of beauty involves 23 arduous steps of dyeing, bleaching, hand painting, block printing, starching, cleaning and more. Motifs drawn in Kalamkari painting include mythological figures, peacocks, flowers, elephants, horses and fish.
Kalamkari art primarily uses colours like indigo, mustard, rust, black and green extracted from natural sources. Black colour is extracted by blending jaggery, water and iron fillings. Yellow is derived from pomegranate peels and blue is obtained from indigo.
Mixing yellow and blue together gives the colour blue and red colour is obtained from the bark of madder. Flowers are also used in abundance to extract colours. There are two types of Kalamkari art- Srikalahasti style and Machilipatnam style.
In the Srikalahashi Style of Kalamkari the kalam or pen is used for freehand drawing of the subject and filling in the colours. It is entirely hand worked. This style is used mostly to narrate the religious myths and epic stories on the fabric. Originating around temples this style has a strong religious connection. One can come across this style in temple hangings, chariot banners and scrolls.
The Machilipatnam Style of Kalamkari also known as Pedana Kalamkari involves vegetable dyed block painting of a fabric produced at the town of Pedana in Andhra Pradesh. This style of art evolved during the rule of Mughal dynasty and practiced by Golconda Sultanate.
It mainly uses vegetable dyes and colours extracted from minerals which are applied onto the fabric with the help of wooden blocks. Alum is used in the making of natural dyes and also while treating the fabric. It also ensures stability of the colour in Kalamkari fabric.
Myrobalan and buffalo milk are also used to treat the fabric. Motifs in the Machilipatnam style include scenes from religious epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata, mythological figures, flowers, peacocks and scenes from daily life. Having enjoyed Mughal patronage for a significant amount of time, it also displays some Persian influences.
In the recent times, you can get Kalamkari bedsheets, Lungis, Curtains, Sarees and Salwar Kameez.
In the modern time these handcrafted works of art are being replaced by the digital medium. To walk with the times, digitally printed Kalamkari work is being done on silk, mammal, cotton and synthetic sarees and sold to meet the growing demand as digital is easier than original Kalamkari work.
Famous Handicrafts of Arunachal Pradesh
This Northeastern most state of India has the ability to mesmerize you with its sheer range of diverse crafts.
Different regions are famous for different craftsmanship’s. Some are known for designing colourful masks, silver objects and wooden vessels while some are dexterous in making bamboo and cane articles. Some have perfected the art of carving magic on wood while some use cloth as a canvas to weave beauty to make Mishmi shawls and Sherdukpen shawls.
Sure we will have a glimpse of two of the unique crafts Arunachalis excel in.
- Thangka Painting– A Thangka painting is a Buddhist painting on cotton, silk appliqué usually depicting a Buddhist deity, a Buddhist scene or a Mandala. Not only is it used to adorn homes, but it is also an important mode of religious expression.
The subject matter includes Buddha, bodhisattvas, goddesses, humans, stupas, animals, plants, flowers etc.
The Thangka painting consists of a picture panel which is painted or embroidered over which a textile is mounted and then over which a cover, usually made of silk is laid.
Sometimes called as a scroll painting, the most common work of Thangka is a loosely woven cotton produced in widths from 40 to 58 cm. Thangka painting is an art requiring careful precision and exact measurements.
The ideal bodily form of the enlightened beings has to be perfectly oriented in relation to the central axis and each body part has to be perfectly proportional. A slight error distorts the accuracy and hence the religious value of the Thangka. The composition of this art form is highly geometric.
Each body part in a Thangka composition is laid out on a systematic grid of angles and intersecting lines. Thangka overflows with symbolism and allusions. It counts among its influences Mahayana Buddhism, Tantrik Buddhism alongwith the indigenous Himalayan religion of Bon.
Thangka scrolls have various functions as teaching tools in Buddhism, as a centrepiece during a ritual ceremony as a medium through which one can offer prayers or make requests.
- Weaving Craft– Most tribes in Arunachal Pradesh have a tradition of weaving which is done solely by women on single needle tension or on loin looms. For most women in the state, weaving is the primary occupation.
Women in all the 20 tribes manufacture products like skirts, shirts, side bags cotton shirts, cotton shawls in different patterns Mishmi jackets, Wancho bags, Tangsa lung is, woolen jackets and blankets.
The designs and patterns are highly geometrical and bold stripes are woven in the fabric by making use of different coloured yarns. Combinations of black, red and white are prominent which are extracted from natural sources such as barks, fruits, leaves and seeds.
Famous Handicrafts of Assam
The culturally rich state of Assam is also rich in the diversity of handicrafts.
Who doesn’t know about the bamboo handicrafts of Assam which is probably the most famous export of Assam after it’s highly sought after tea?
From the cane and bamboo crafts to its metal crafts, pottery and handlooms, the artisans of Assam are renowned all over India for producing high quality works of art. Assam is a melting pot of a number of tribes and cultures and this is reflected in its traditional handicrafts as well.
It counts among its impressive repertoire of handicrafts; bamboo craft, silk textiles, cane craft, water hyacinth handicraft, bellmetal craft and pottery just name a few.
Let us look at some handicrafts of Assam.
- Bamboo and Cane Handicraft– Bamboo is inseparable from the life of the communities of Assam. The green gold is an important raw material for handicrafts in Assam.
The forests of the state provide an endless supply of bamboo and cane to the artisans of Assam through which they display their talent to the world. Bamboo and cane are used to make items of everyday use like bamboo mats, bamboo and cane furniture, cane walking sticks, bamboo and cane baskets, bamboo hand fans and hats, musical instruments, bows and arrows etc.
They also use bamboo to make utensils and beer mugs. Bamboo is intrinsically linked with the life and culture of Assam.
- Water Hyacinth Handicrafts– Water hyacinth is a free floating plant found in ponds, rivers and lakes in Assam in abundance.
For a long time, water hyacinth was seen as a weed and havoc plant as it chokes marine life, hinders water transport and acts as a source of breeding ground for mosquitoes.
However in recent years the stem of the water hyacinth plant is being used to make beautiful water hyacinth handicrafts like purses, handbags, baskets and laundry bins which is not only conserving the environment but also providing livelihood to so many rural families of Assam.
Famous Handicrafts of Bihar
The historically rich state of Bihar is rich in its art and craft. It is home to some of India’s most well-known paintings including the famous Madhubani paintings and the miniature paintings, stone pottery, Sikki craft, embroidery (Suzni craft and Kashidakari), papier mache, Patna Kalam and Tikuli craft.
Let’s look at some of the craft from the state.
- Madhubani Painting– Madhubani painting, also called Mithila painting, is a traditional folk art of Bihar which is known all over the world.
It has traditionally been done by the women of the villages on freshly plastered mud walls of huts but now it is being done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. As with many other traditional handicrafts in India, colours are derived from plants.
Madhubani paintings depict nature, Hindu religious motifs, and natural objects like the sun the moon and the themes naturally revolve around Hindu deities. Painting tools include a variety of tools including twigs, brushes nib pens, matchsticks and even fingers.
- Sikki Grass Craft– Sikki is a special kind of grass that is found in abundance in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The art of making handicrafts from Sikki grass is ancient.
Sikki is considered auspicious by the natives of the Sitamarhi district of Bihar and serves as a raw material in making a variety of products. There is hardly a festival or auspicious occassion in which it is not used in one way or the other.
In Bihar it is used in the making of toys, weaving dolls, baskets, boxes, murals and jewellery. Boxes made of Sikki known as pauti are given to daughters by parents on the occasion of their wedding. These boxes are used to hold sindoor, ornaments and jewellery.
Famous Handicrafts of Chhattisgarh
The elaborate variety of handicrafts in Chhattisgarh is mind blowing. Chhattisgarh is renowned for its mastery in bell metal handicraft, clay art, godna art, bamboo craft, cowrie craft, kosa, wrought iron craft etc.
Here we share with you some famous handicrafts of Chhattisgarh.
- Bell Metal Craft or Dhokra Craft- One of the earliest known methods of metal casting, the Dhokra craft dates back to pre-historic time of Indus valley civilization. Characterized by primitive simplicity and folk motifs, dhokra crafts are in demand all over the world.
Dhokra is basically non-ferrous metal casting using the Lost wax casting technique. This stunning metal figurines of humans, animals like horses elephants and birds like owls and peacocks, and Hindu deities are highly applauded for its enchanting charm all over the world.
Dhokra is also used to make measuring bowls, utensils and jewelry.
- Terracotta craft– As in other states, Terracotta has found its place in the hands of Chhattisgarhi craftsmen as well. Terracotta figures are found widely in the tribal villages of Chhattisgarh.
Clay icons are placed on the borders of villages to ward off evil spirits, to propitiate unseen forces and also seek the blessings for a trouble free life. Icons of Matri Devi or the Mother Goddess are installed to guard villages from disease.
The tribes of Bilaspur have animal and human figures on there roof tiles. Sacred places under trees have terracotta offerings. Besides terracotta figurines of Hindu Gods and Goddesses, lamps and tribal masks made of terracotta are also captivating and would make for good souvenirs in your next visit to Chhattisgarh.
Famous Handicrafts of Goa
Goa has a rich tradition of handicrafts. For every travel lover Goa is a must visit destination. If you are a traveler you would love to check out these places in India with a month by month guide . Indeed, no visit to Goa is complete without blessing your eyes with the funky crafts of Goa. Seashell crafts, hand painted tiles, brassware, wooden lacquerware and papier mache are among the crafts you will find in Goa.
- Seashell craft- The tiny coastal state of Goa blessed with serene beaches offers sea shells to its craftsmen to make cool seashell crafts like lampshades, mirrors, ornaments like necklaces, rings and bracelets.
Chandeliers, ashtrays, curtains and even toothpicks are perfectly designed. With the help of the humble seashell.
- Azulejos or Hand painted tiles– Azulejos are hand painted tiles that were originally brought to Goa by the Portuguese. Blue and yellow were the favourite colour combinations of the tiles which depicted mainly floral patterns and religious scenes though now new themes and colours are being added.
One can come across family portraits, name plates, scenes from daily life, landscapes and scenery in these cool hand painted tiles. Now you can also find these tiles aplenty in the old churches of Goa.
Famous Handicrafts of Gujarat
Handicrafts are an intrinsic part of the life of Gujarati people. Each and every district of Gujarat has its own unique handicraft. From the colorful beadwork to the gorgeous Zari work, there is no scarcity of ornate crafts in Gujarat.
Listed below are some of the unique handicrafts of Gujarat.
- Bead Craft– Bead craft is the art of making decorative products with beads. This art originated in Saurashtra and Khambat, two districts of Gujarat.
This artwork uses seed beads as its chief raw material. The technique of bead weaving is used to weave seed beads together onto a plain fabric, in jewellery or to make a three dimensional object like a box, ball, clasp etc.
- Khavda Pottery- Khavda pottery craft is practised in North Kutch, Gujarat. Only two families practise this craft on the verge of extinction today. The potter uses a specific type of mud “Rann Ki Mitti” which is obtained from a lake near the Khavda village.
This soft clay is molded into the desired shape by the potter on a potter’s wheel and left to dry in the shade.
In the next stage, painting and ornamentation of the pottery is done. The dark terracotta colour of the geru, a watered down red clay is applied as a base coat on the pottery with bamboo stick brushes to create dramatic designs and patterns with black and white clay based colours.
The pot is then cleaned, sun dried and baked in a furnace powered by dry wood and cow dung. The pot is coated with a thin wash of geru.
Popular patterns are geometric forms and motifs of humans, birds, flowers and animals. A wide variety of materials like matkas to store water, water bottles, earthen lamps, urns, kettles, plates and boxes are made using this technique.
Famous Handicrafts of Haryana
The agricultural state of Haryana is not any less than other states when it comes to handicrafts or works of art which are handmade.
The state is famous for many unique crafts which are exported all around the world and most notably in the acclaimed Surajkund International Crafts Mela which displays the richness and diversity of the handcrafted goods of the state in all of its glory.
The arts and crafts of Haryana includes pottery, embroidery, weaving, Phulkari, Chope, Bagh and Palm leaf work.
These are some of the handicrafts of Haryana.
- Sarkanda Craft– The verdant state of Haryana is host to the Sarkanda craft. Sarkanda is a plant that grows abundantly in Haryana. In the winters when this golden white coloured plant dries up, it is harvested and the transformed into a variety of products.
The thicker parts of the plant are used to make tools known as Murrah. Changeri is one of the many handcrafted products made from the Sarkanda grass.
It is a traditional shallow basket made by coiling technique and often with a lead. Besides Changeri, the womenfolk also make boiya which is a roti/bread basket. Hand fans and the indhi, used as a support base for carrying water pots on the head are also made from the Sarkanda grass.
- Bagh Art– Bagh is an art done on khaddar, i.e, coarse cotton cloth with silk thread. In this craft, a geometric pattern of design is followed. Designs can be basically anything- elephants, houses, sun moon, crops, kites etc.
Famous Handicrafts of Himachal Pradesh
The Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh is home to some of the best handicrafts of the country. The handmade wonders of the state range from wood projects, set embroidery, carpetry and artwork to wool fabrics.
Himachal Pradesh also specializes in making shawls, paintings, leathercraft metal work and stone craft.
Here we bring to you a few handicrafts of Himachal Pradesh.
- Wood Carving– Being a state full of lush forests, timber is abundant in Himachal Pradesh. Previously, wood carving was mostly used in temples and castles.
However today, artisans are using this craft in items of daily use like cradles, low settees, containers and wooden jewelry. Village homes are extensively ornamented with wood carvings on doors, windows and balcony panels.
- Chamba Rumal– Chamba Rumal or Chamba handkerchief is an embroidered handkerchief once patronised by the former rulers of the Chamba kingdom.
It features as a common wedding gift in Himachal Pradesh and has detailed patterns. The materials used consist of muslin, khaddar, malmal brush and silk threads without knots. Motifs have traditionally drawn inspiration from local folklore, tales from the Ramayana and Mahabharata, floral designs and geometric patterns.
Famous Handicrafts of Jharkhand
The verdant state of Jharkhand is home to many tribes which produce a number of indigenous handicrafts. Like other states, the crafts of Jharkhand are renowned and are in high demand in both the national and international market.
Here we bring to you a few handicrafts of Jharkhand.
- Jadupatua Painting– Jadupatua painting is an art practiced by the Santhal tribe of Jharkhand.
The Jadupatuas are painted on scrolls depicting themes from the life of Lord Krishna, the story of creation according to the Santhal tradition and their dance and music and sometimes death images and life after death.
They are painted on both cloth and paper using natural colours like soot, vermilion and mud from the riverbank while the hair of the goat or the quill of a porcupine serves as a raw material to make brush.
The two ends of the cloth are sewn around bamboo sticks so that the scroll could be rolled and carried around.
- Sohrai Painting– Native to Hazaribagh of Jharkhand Sohrai painting is an art form practised by women at home.The folk art draws heavily from forest life and sparrows, peacocks, deer, fish and snakes inhabit the world of Sohrai painting. Colours of choice are yellow, rust and black, and like other tribal arts this particular art draws its colour from natural sources.Knowledge of plant life and animal behaviour is extensive in this painting style.
Famous Handicrafts of Karnataka
The luxurious and lavish arts and crafts of Karnataka need no introduction as they are renowned all over the country and the world. Some handicrafts that trace their origins to Karnataka are doll making, stone carving, Mysore paintings, ivory carving, wood carving and sandalwood craft.
Some of the renowned crafts of Karnataka are as follows.
- Sandalwood craft– Sandalwood is one of the most fragrant trees known to humankind. Being a hard textured wood, sandalwood is ideal for carving.
The art of sandalwood carving is more than a thousand years old and this craft is being performed by families from generation to generation who are creating fragrant and exquisitely cut figurines of Hindu deities and boxes, photo frames and the ever-popular elephant figure.
- Mysore Painting– The Mysore painting of Karnataka needs no introduction. Originating in and around the town of Mysore it was patronized by Mysore rulers.
Mysore paintings are widely acclaimed for their opulence and attention to detail. In the ancient times artists used vegetable and mineral colours. Today the painting is done with commercially available media like poster and water colours.
In the old times, paper, wood, wall and cloth served as a canvas for the painting. In modern times, it is mostly done on paper. Mysore paintings are characterized by delicate lines, intricate brush strokes and the use of lustrous gold leaf. Traditionally these paintings are designed to inspire devotion and depict Hindu deities.
Famous Handcrafts of Kerala
The state of Kerala offers an amazing variety of handicrafts ranging from carvings in metal and wood, metal jewellery, granite statues to coir products and lacquerware.
The following are some of the unique crafts of Kerala.
- Kathakali Masks- The classical dance of Kathakali is known for its distinctive and elaborate costume.The Kathakali masks are an indispensable part of the Kathakali dance costume. These masks are made of clay or papier mache and available in the markets of Kerala for tourists to take them home as souvenirs.The masks are painted green at the base and decorated with beards and black hair.
- Coir Products– Kerala is the land of coconuts. The coconut is an integral part of the life of every Keraliite. From birth to death the coconut follows a Malayali everywhere.
Each and every part of coconut is used in Kerala to the fullest. Coir is one such product of the coconut tree which is widely used as a raw material for making handicrafts in Kerala.
Coir products are made from the fibres extracted from the husk of coconut. Coir is very popular for its biodegradability and long life. Coir products like door mats, bags, baskets and mats are widely popular in Kerala.
Famous Handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh has an edge as far as handicrafts are concerned. Madhya Pradesh is not only rich in lush forests, majestic monuments and rich wildlife, it also abounds in a plethora of handicrafts.
The handicrafts of the heart of India include metalcraft, stone carvings, folk paintings, iron craft, woodcraft, Zari and toys and doll making.
- Leather Crafts– The artisans of Madhya Pradesh have been working with leather for ages. The state’s stuffed leather toys are famous. They are made up of leather coated sheets. The structure of the toy is roughly made from wires.
The paper roll is stuffed and tied. A mixture of paper pulp is applied to give the shape of the animal. It’s allowed to dry and coated with leather sheets.
- Chanderi Craft– Arguably the most famous craft that has come out of Madhya Pradesh, the Chanderi fabric is a hand woven combination of silk and cotton.
Chanderi sarees are characterized by their soft pastel hues. Chanderi sarees are produced from three different kinds of fabric- pure silk, Chanderi cotton and silk cotton. Motifs include traditional coin, floral art, peacock and geometric designs. These sarees are among the finest in India and are known for the gold and silver brocade or zari, and ornate embroidery.
Famous Handicrafts of Maharashtra
Maharashtra does not only consist of forts, caves, palaces and Western Ghats but also offers an enchanting plethora of captivating handicrafts to choose from.
Some of the well-known handicrafts of Maharashtra are Kolhapuri chappal, Warli painting, Banjara embroidery, seashell craft, Dhurrie weaving, Bidri ware and metal embossing among others.
- Warli Painting– Warli painting is a style of tribal art created by the tribal people from the north Sahyadri range in India. The Warli artists use their clay huts as a canvas to vent their artistic urges.
The subject matter of Warli paintings mostly include geometry shapes to depict nature, scenes from daily life like hunting, fishing, farming, trees and animals. Festivals and dances are also depicted in the paintings.The Warli paint only with a white pigment to obtain from a mixture of rice paste, water and gum.
- Kolhapuri Chappals– Known for its durability, a pair of Kolhapuri chappals made of leather can take up to six weeks.The making of Kolhapuri chappals requires various step by step operations like skiving, pattern making and cutting, attachment of upper and bottom heels, stitching, finishing, punching and trimming, decoration and polishing and assembling.
Famous Handicrafts of Manipur
Manipur is an enchanting cosmos of beauty. The intricate handicrafts of Manipur reveals its rich culture. The women of Manipur are experts in weaving cotton textiles.
Some of the famous handicrafts of Manipur are wood carving, hand woven and embroidered textiles, hats made of water reed shawls and blankets and Manipuri dance doll.
- Kaun Grass Craft– Kaun is a reed which grows in the wetlands of Manipur. Its cylindrical, soft and spongy stem is woven into mats, square and rectangular cushions and mattresse. The mats are woven by interlacing the stalks with jute threads using basic and simple tools.
- Stone Carving- Stone carving is a traditional craft of Manipur. In Bishnupur district items of daily use like bowls, candle stands, grinders, stone glasses and plates are made using this craft.
Famous Handicrafts of Meghalaya
Meghalaya is rightly called The Scotland of the East for its spellbinding beauty.
That beauty also reflects in the handicrafts of the state. The craftsmen weave amazing cane mats, winnowing fans, caps, umbrellas, stools and baskets.
The most prominent arts here are wood carving and weaving. They also manufacture beautiful baskets and strong bamboo fish traps. Meghalaya is also known for arts like silk weaving and carpet weaving.
- Bamboo and Cane Craft- The forest of Meghalaya abounds in bamboo and cane. They occupy an important role in the culture and economy of the state.
Items made of bamboo and cane are baskets, furniture, headgears, storage utensils, musical instruments, containers and tribal implements and weapons. Pokerwork in which designs are burnt into the bamboo with the help of red hot pointed tool is done by Garos.
- Weaving– Meghalaya has a wide variety of handwoven textile. Spinning and weaving in Meghalaya is exclusive domain of women.
The craftswomen of Meghalaya are highly skilled in weaving amazing designs on clothes. The distinctive costumes and apparels that come from the weaving looms of these women comprise wrappers and shawls, waist clothes and bodice, girdles, scarves, skirts and aprons.
Famous Handicrafts of Mizoram
Handicrafts in Mizoram portray painstaking craftsmanship and hereditary skills of the inhabitants. The traditional crafts of Mizoram are weaving, cane and bamboo work.
- Weaving– Mizoram is the abode of wonderful weaving. Mizo women are born weavers. They are proficient in changing the simple raw materials in beautiful designs and patterns and produce lovely fabric.
Puans are the traditional clothing of the native people of Mizoram. The weaving is done by women on the loin loom. Puans are worn by both men and women.
- Bamboo and Cane Craft– Just like in other states of the Northeast bamboo and cane are used to make handicraft in Mizoram too.
Famous Handicrafts of Nagaland
Nagaland is the home of wonderful handicrafts. The Nagas are adept artisans and their handicrafts are simply superb.
- The handicrafts of Nagas are characterized by the use of vibrant colours and unique patterns which are woven depending on the tribes they are from. Cane and bamboo work, wood carving, blacksmithy and pottery are the most popular handicrafts.
A wide variety of figures are carved meticulously on wood. Commonly carved figures are human figures, Mithun hornbill, elephant, leopard and tiger.
Cane and bamboo grow profusely in Nagaland the Nagas exploit these plants in the best possible manner and make items of both decoration and utility like armlets, baskets hats, necklaces, mats and other decorative items.
Famous Handicrafts of Odisha
The former name of Odisha was Utkala, which literally means The Land of Excellent Arts. It’s obvious that there must be some good reason behind this nomenclature. The culturally rich state of Odisha boasts of enchanting crafts.
From fine stone carving to pattachitra, from sand sculpture to silver filigree, handicrafts are an integral part of Odisha’s culture.
Here are some of its finest.
- Silver Filigree of Cuttack- The city of Cuttack is home to the delicate art of silver filigree jewellery or Tarakasi. The filigree artists work with an alloy of 90% or more pure silver. Forms of animals,birds flowers and even mirror frames are made in Tarakasi work.
- Pattachitra– Pattachitra is a traditional cloth based scroll painting practised in Odisha. Traditionally it has been done on cloth canvas. The subject matter of Pattachitra is mostly mythological religious stories and folklore.
Famous Handicrafts of Punjab
Punjab is not only a land of warriors and bravehearts but also a land of captivating handicrafts. The rich tradition of handicrafts in Punjab include Phulkari, Jootis, Durries and Parandas.
- Phulkari Art– Phulkari is synonymous with Punjab and its rich heritage. It literally means flower work as the entire work has flowers embroidered over a cloth.
Phulkari is characterized by the use of darn stitch on the wrong side of the coarse cotton cloth with coloured silken thread. Phulkari designed Duppata and suits are very demanding in india.
- Paranda– Paranda is a traditional decorative craft of Punjab. It is a colourful hanging worn by Punjabi women in their hair. It is available in a variety of designs and colours and is woven out of a bunch of intricately woven silk threads.
Famous Handicrafts of Rajasthan
Rajasthan offers an amazing array of opulent handicrafts. The Land of Kings, the royalty patronized artisans throughout the history of the state which gave the state an admirable collection of mesmerizing works of art.
Handicrafts in Rajasthan include sculpture art, blue pottery, ivory works, Meenakari, Usta art, Lac works, Tie and Dye and Thewa art to name a few.
- Blue Pottery- Jaipur is famous for blue pottery. The blue in the pottery comes from the eye catching cobalt blue dye. The common motifs are inspired from Mughal Era arabesque patterns, animal and bird motifs.
- Usta Art– Usta Art is basically painting on camel hide and Bikaner is known for it. This art is world famous for its Meenakari on camel hide.
Famous Handicrafts of Sikkim
Sikkim boasts of a rich repertoire of handicrafts. A melting pot of different cultures, these culture have only made the state rich in handmade works of art. The best traditional handicrafts of Sikkim includes carpets, wood carving, Thangka paintings, Choktse tables etc.
- Choktse Table– Choktse tables are traditional foldable tables found in various designs and made from the wood of the train known as Kath.
- Carpet Weaving– Sikkim style of carpet weaving is one of the oldest carpet weaving techniques in the world.
The carpets are woven with the help of frame loom. The styles of carpet weaving show a lot of Buddhist influence. Carpets in Sikkim usually depict the scenic landscape of Sikkim, its snow clad mountains and the flowering valleys.
Famous Handicrafts of Tamilnadu
Tamilnadu boasts of a wide variety of handicrafts. An ancient civilization, it is only natural that the state should have a rich history of handicrafts spanning centuries.
The famous works of art that have come from this majestic land are Tanjore glass paintings, Kolu dolls, grass mats, Muthangi, metalware, Toda embroidery, appliqué and stone carving.
- Toda Embroidery– The Toda embroidery also known as “Pukhoor” is an artwork of the Toda people of Nilgiris in Tamilnadu.
Embroidered by women, the traditional shawl of Puthukuli is worn by both men and women. The shawl has alternate red and black stripes at the gap of six inches. The embroidery is done on the stripes of red and black colour.
Motifs include geometrical patterns, buffalo horns, Sun moon, stars, flowers, snakes and rabbits.
- Tanjore Painting- Tanjore painting is a classical South Indian painting style which originated in the Tanjore town of Tamilnadu .
Tanjore paintings are characterized by rich and vivid colours, glittering gold foils, overlsid on delicate Gesso work and inlay of glass beads and pieces.
Tanjore paintings have been influenced by Deccani, Vijayanagar and Maratha styles of painting. Subject matters include Hindu Gods, goddesses and saints and episodes from Hindu religious texts. Tanjore paintings are panel paintings done on wooden planks.
Famous Handicrafts of Telangana
The craftsman of Telangana are highly skilled in their art. Telangana crafts include dhokra craft, Bidri craft, Nirmal artworks, Cheriyal paintings, Banjara needlecraft, pearls and brassware.
- Bidri Craft- The Bidri craft which originated from Bidar involves the art of silver engraved on metal which goes through stages like casting and welding inlaying and oxidizing.Bidri art involves use of gun metal and is used for making flower vases, jewellery boxes and many more.
- Banjara Needlecraft– The Banjara needlecraft is practised by the Tribe called Banjara. The craft work is made up of needle work with geometric patterns. Colourful and and different types of stitches with mirror work, beads and shells are made on brightly coloured clothes.
Famous Handicrafts of Tripura
Crafts of Tripura speak with charming simplicity and grace. Imagination and creativity find expression in the hands of skilled artisans of the state.
Intricately designed handlooms and silk, cane and bamboo works are the main forms of art and craft industries.
- Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts- Cane and bamboo handicrafts are the main crafts of Tripura. Ethnic groups in Tripura make a wide variety of hand crafted items using bamboo and cane.
A wide variety of items are made from cane and bamboo like table mats, floor mats, room dividers, decorated wall panels, furniture, lampshades etc.
- Handlooms– Weaving is an inseparable part of the life of tribals. Handloom is the oldest industry in the state and the tribal people produce their own clothes with unique patterns, colour combinations and elegant designs.
Famous Handicrafts of Uttar Pradesh
The highly skilled craftsmanship of Uttar Pradesh is known all over the world.
A state that has seen the rise and fall of dynasty for centuries, it has made its own innumerable crafts and arts borrowing influences from myriad sources.
From its exquisite zardozi embroidery to the delicacy of chikan work, its exotic stone work to beautiful Banarasi silk sarees, Uttar Pradesh has contributed immensely to India’s handicraft repertoire. Different parts of state are known for different handicrafts.
- Chikankari– Chickankari of Lucknow is the most famous of all craft in the state. It is a delicate art of embroidery done with coloured and silk threads on a variety of textile fabrics like muslin, silk, chiffon, net etc.
- Banarasi Saree– Banarasi saree needs no introduction. This saree is among the finest sarees in India and is known for its gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and luxurious embroidery.
The sarees and made of finely woven silk and are decorated with intricate designs this is worn in special occasions due to its lavishness.
Famous Handicrafts of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand also known as Devbhoomi is rich in cultural heritage which has been kept alive through the arts and crafts of Uttarakhand.
Handicrafts of Uttarakhand are known for wooden handicrafts, wood craft, copper utensils jewellery making and wood carving.
- Wood carving– The forests of Uttarakhand are lush with timber which explains development and wide prevalence of wood carving in the state.
The wood carving tradition of Uttarakhand is an integral part of the hill society and is also known as Likhai. The carving is done in the form of stylized plants and geometric motifs into a single window and door.
The borders of the door sometimes have up to fourteen rows of carvings- swans, parrots, lotus, creepers etc. The panels are carved separately and joined together after the carving is completed.
- Woolen handicrafts– The cold climate of Uttarakhand is an ideal place for making woollen crafts. The Bhotia Tribe is particularly involved in woolen crafts. Popular products of world include Kaangsuk(socks), gloves, shawls, Dumkar (blanket), Paagad(belt) and Saai (cap).
Famous Handicrafts of West Bengal
The eastern Indian state West Bengal is home to a variety of handicrafts that are not only aesthetically appealing but also representative of local history and culture. The crafts of West Bengal include Terracotta, Madur, bell metal, Shola and Dashavatar cards.
- Madur– Madur is a generic term for mats in West Bengal. These mats are made of Madurkathi, a rhizome based plant that grows abundantly in the alluvial tracts of Medinipur. Madurkathi is woven into Madurs by village women.
- Shola craft– Shola craft is made from Sholapith, a dried milky-white spongy plant matter from Aeschynomene species which grows wild in marshy waterlogged areas. Traditionally Sholapith products products have been used for decorating Hindu idols and creating the headgeard of brides and grooms in Bengali weddings.
Famous Handicrafts of Jammu and Kashmir
On 31 October 2019 Jammu and Kashmir has been declared as Union Territory and as this post is published in 2020 J&K cannot be counted as state. But its art speaks and this list cannot be completed if crafts of J&K are not included.
Srinagar, Ganderbal, and Budgam are best known for its cultural heritage and handicrafts since ages. People of Kashmir learnt Namda or rug weaving in the 11th century when Mughal emperor Akbar ordered for a suitable covering floor for his horse. Apart from carpets rugs Pashmina shawls, Papier mache, silverware and woodworks and the famous products.
I hope this article helped you to know that India is so rich is handicrafts and art. Do you know the world’s most expensive saree (Kancheepuram Silk Saree) was sold for Rs 39,31,627 . There are many surprising facts about Indian handicrafts that will blow your mind.
Do share and because Art should reach everyone.
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